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世界旅遊 - 英國

Stonehenge 巨石陣

There are many places in this world which receive a lot of visitors and are considered to be important tourist attractions. Some of the places are popular due to their natural beauty while others are popular as they have some unique man made features in them. There are still other places which are a combination of both these qualities. Stonehenge is a monument which belongs to the prehistoric era. This monument is located in Wiltshire which is a county of England in the UK. The monument is located at a distance of almost 8 miles from Salisbury in the north. Stonehenge happens to be one of the oldest and well maintained prehistoric sites in the world. It is a very popular tourist resort and many people from all parts of the globe come to visit it. Actually Stonehenge is made up of Earthworks. These Earthworks are surrounding some standing stones. Theses standing stones are arranged in a circular way. It is believed that this monument is prehistoric and the stones are there from 2200 BC.

巨石陣-夜晚 The earliest phase of the monument is believed to belong to 3100BC. The site is a very important tourist attraction. It is considered to be one of those sites which are important historically not only to the local area but also to the mankind. This is the reason that the site is on the list of World Heritage Sites. It was added to the list by UNESCO and that was back in 1986. This monument is legally protected. It entered the list of World Heritage Sites alongside another similar site. Overbuy henge monument is also a legally protected site. English Heritage is managing Stonehenge as the official managing body. The owner of the surrounding land of this site is National Trust.
The word Stonehenge actually comes from the old English words. The term literally means stone hinge. This name was given to this monument because the lintels of stone actually hinge on the other stones which are standing upright. Many scientists and archeologists have studied this piece of work in great detail. It is noticed by a lot of them that there are signs of remaking of this monument. The changes that have occurred as a result of this are evident. The current shape and form of the Stonehenge has been reached by going through a lot of changes and phases.
Although Stonehenge is generally considered to be a hinge site, many definitions of archeology are a proof against this statement. It is not a true hinge site in fact. The technical reason behind this fact is that the bank of this hinge site is with in its ditch. In this situation archeologists do not call such a site a hinge site. Apparently it does look like a hinge site but Stonehenge is not a true hinge site.

巨石陣-白天 Although in appearance Stonehenge has many things in common with the typical hinge monuments, it has many features which make it unique. The Stonehenge stands out of the crowd due to many specific features. The Trilithons are one of the examples. These are unique features possessed by the Stonehenge which is not always there in the hinge monuments of the world.
As per the historic evidence, the Stonehenge complex took many years and many phases to reach its current form. It was built in many eras. The construction phases have been several. These phases are spread over a period of more than three thousand years in all. The site has been important in one way or the other for the past sixty five hundred years. The major part of the construction took place in the past 3000 years but there are evidences which prove that people were interested in this site and a part and two of this monument were build even earlier than that.
From the point of view of Archeology, Stonehenge is not a very simple site. It is usually not very easy to judge the age of such a monument. It is even more difficult in case of this monument as it has historical proofs of being built in a number of phases. The archeologists have to conduct in depth studies to prove the actual age of any small part of this monument. The task in itself is very difficult and it has been made more difficult by the problems like the records which have not been kept properly.
Stonehenge developed through a number of phases. It has reached its current form over a period of more than three thousand years. This is a huge time span to talk about. The monument was first built after 8000 BC. There is no proof of the existence of any part of this monument before that. The first phase of construction of this monument was somewhere around 3100BC. It was reconstructed and expanded in 3000BC. There are proofs that the reconstruction and expansion of Stonehenge took place in almost 4 or 5 other phases till 1600 BC.
The site is not only a beautiful and unique site of its kind; it is also one of those sites which have lots of myths attached to it. One of the famous stones in this monument, the Hell stone has a myth attached to it which says that a Devil got that stone from Ireland. It was in possession of a woman. He got it and brought it to this plain area. The devil was happy that no one will be able to judge where this stone came from but a friar said that people will know about it. The devil was angry and threw a stone towards that friar. That stone still stands there. There are many other myths which are related to Stonehenge.


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